Hi, Guys In This Article I am Going To Show You Top 10 Scientist In The World at Present And Passed In 2020 And 5 Most Important Scientific Discoveries. After Reading About The Story Of Scientific Discoveries In the Last 10 Years You Will be Able to Know How Many Scientists In The World And Scientist Hard Working Samples Albert Einsteins, Marie Curie And Newton, etc.


Albert Einsteins

                                                          Albert Einstein the whole package Albert Einstein mark marchello 3d SCA o5 1 702 Albert Einstein credit mark marchello a crowd barged past dioramas glass displays and wide-eyed security guards in the American  Museum of Natural History screams rang out as some runners fell and were trampled upon arriving at a lecture hall the mob broke down the door the date was January 8 1930 and the New York Museum was showing a film about Albert Einstein and his general theory of relativity Einstein was not present but 4,500 mostly ticketless people still showed up for the viewing museum officials told them no ticket no show setting the stage for in the words of the Chicago Tribune  the first science riot in history such was Einstein’s popularity as a publicist might say he was the whole package distinctive look untamed hair rumpled sweater witty personality his quips such as God not playing dice would live on and  major scientific cred his papers appended Physics Time magazine named him person of the century Einstein remains the last and perhaps only physicist ever to become a household name says James overdoing a theoretical physicist at Towson University in Maryland born in Ulm Germany in 1879 Einstein was a precocious child as a teenager he wrote a paper on magnetic fields Einstein never actually failed math contrary to popular lore he married twice the second time to his first cousin Elsa Lowenthal the marriage lasted until her death in 1936 as a scientist. Einstein Is one Of The Top 10 Scientist In The World at Present And Passed Einsteins watershed year was 1905 when he was working as a clerk in the Swiss Patent Office having failed to attain an academic position after earning his doctorate that year he published his four most important papers one of them described the relationship between matter and energy neatly summarized e equals make two other papers that year were on Brownian motion suggesting the existence of molecules and atoms and the photoelectric effect showing that light is made of particles later called photons his fourth paper about special relativity explained that space and time are interwoven a shocking idea now considered a foundational principle of astronomy Einstein expanded on relativity in 1916 with his theory of gravitation general relativity it holds that anything with mass distorts the fabric of space and time just as a bowling ball placed on a bed causes the mattress to sag during a solar eclipse in 1919 astronomers showed that the sun’s mass did indeed bend the path of starlight the temporary darkness aroundthe Sun enabled astronomers to chronicle the bending the validation made Einstein a superstar two years later Einstein won the Nobel Prize in Physics not for general relativity but for his discovery of the photoelectric effect by this time the 42 years old physicist had made most of his major contributions to science in 1933 Einstein accepted a professorship at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton NJ where for years he tried unsuccessfully to unify the laws of physics he became a US citizen in 1940 and his fame grew as a public intellectual civil rights supporter and pacifist many consider Einstein’s theory of general relativity to be his crowning achievement the theory predicted bothblack holes and gravitational waves and just last year physicists measured the waves created by the collision of two black holes over a billion light years away during their epic journey across the cosmos the ripples played with space and time like a funhouse mirror contorting faces general relativity also is the bedrock of gravitational lensing which uses the gravity of stars and galaxies as a giant magnifying glass to zoom in on farther cosmic  objects astronomers may soon take advantage of such physics to see geographic details of worlds light-years away Einstein who died of heart failure in 1955 would have applauded such bold imaginative thinking his greatest insights came not from careful experimental analysis.


Marie Curie


                                               Marie Curie she went her own way Marie Curie mark marchello for DSCA Oh 5-1 704 Marie Curie credit mark marchello despite her French name Marie Curie’s story didn’t start in France her road to Paris and success was a hard one as equally worthy of admiration as her scientific accomplishments borne Maria Salome asclad ANCA in 1867 in Warsaw Poland she faced some daunting hurdles both because of her gender and her family’s poverty which stemmed from the political turmoil at the time her parents deeply patriotic poles lost most of their money supporting their homeland in its struggle for independence from Russian Austrian and Prussian regimes her father a math and physics professor and her mother headmistress of a respected boarding school in russian occupied warsaw instilled in their five kids a love of learning they also imbued them with an appreciation of Polish culture which the Russian  government discouraged when Curie and her three sisters finished regular schooling they couldn’t carry on with higher education like their brother the local university didn’t let women enroll and their family didn’t have the money to send them abroad their only options were to marry or become governesses Curie and her sister Bruna Slava found another way the pair took up with a secret organization called flying University or sometimes floating University fittingly given the English abbreviation the point of feu was to stick it to the Russian government and provide a pro polish education in Polish expressly forbidden in Russian controlled polling eventually the sisters hatched a plan that would help them both get the higher education they so desperately wanted Curie would work as a governess and support branislav as medical school studies then Brona Slava word returned the favour once she was established Curie endured years of misery as a governess but the plan worked in 1891 she packed her bags and headed to Paris and her bright future at the University of Paris Curie was inspired by French physicist on Rebecca in 1896 he discovered that uranium emitted  something that looked an awful lot like but not quite the same as x-rays which had been discovered only the year before intrigued Curie decided to explore uranium and its mysterious rays as a Ph.D. thesis topic eventually she realized  whatever was producing these rays were happening at an atomic level an important first step to discovering that atoms weren’t the smallest form of matter it was a defining moment for what Curie would eventually call radioactivity around the same time Curie met and married her French husband Pierre an accomplished physicist who abandoned his own work and joined his wife’s research the two started examining minerals containing uranium and pitchblende a uranium rich ore and realized the latter was four times more radioactive than pure uranium they reasoned some other element must be in the mix sending those radioactive levels through the roof and they were right after processing literally tons of pitchblende they discovered a new element and named it polonium after Marie’s native Poland they published a paper in July 1898 revealing the fine and just five months later they announced their discovery of yet another element radium found in trace amounts in ranium ore in 1903 Curie her husband and Beckel won the Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on radio activity making Curie the first woman to win a nobel tragedy struck just three years later Pierre who had recently accepted a professorship at the University of Paris died suddenly after a carriage accident Curie was devastated by his death yet she continued her research filling Pierre’s position and becoming the first woman professor at the University in 1911 Curie won her second Nobel Prize this time in chemistry for her work with polonium and radium she remains the only person to win Nobel prizes in two different Sciences Curie racked up several other accomplishments from founding the radium Institute in Paris where she directed her own lab whose researchers won their own nobels – heading up Frances first military radiology Center during World War one and thus becoming the first medical physicist she died in 1934 from a type of anemia that very likely stemmed from her exposure to such extreme radiation during her career, in fact, her original notes and papers are still so radioactive that they’re kept in lead-lined boxes and you need protective gear to view them, Laci Schley Isaac Newton the man who defines science on the bed Isaac. Marie Curie is also one of the top 10 scientists in the world at present and passed.



                            Newton mark marchello 10 DSCA oh five one seven oh seven Isaac Newton credit Mark marchello Isaac Newton was born on Christmas Day 1642 never the humble sort he would have found the date after the gift to humanity and science had arrived a sickly infant his mere survival was an achievement just 23 years later with his alma mater Cambridge University and much of England closed due to plague Newton discovered the laws that now bear his name he had to invent a new kind of math along the way calculus the introverted English scholar held off on publishing those findings for decades though and it took the Herculean efforts of friend and comet Discoverer Edmund Halley to get Newton to publish the only reason Halley knew of Newton’s work abet the former had with other scientists on the nature of planetary orbits when Halley mentioned the orbital problem to him Newton shocked his friend by giving the answer immediately having long ago worked it out Halley persuaded Newton to publish his calculations and the results were the philosophiæ naturalis principia mathematica or just the Principia in 1687 not only did it describe for the first time how the planets moved through space and how projectiles on earth traveled through the air the Principia showed that the same fundamental force gravity governs both Newton United the heavens and the earth with his laws thanks to him scientists believe they had a chance of unlocking the universe’s secrets Newton’s academic devotion was absolute his some time assistant Humphrey Newton no relation wrote I never knew him to take any recreation he would only really leave his room to givelectures even to empty rooms off times Humphrey wrote in 1727 Nutan never went halfway on anything it would take too long to list his other scientific achievements but the greatest hits might include his groundbreaking work on the light in color his development and refinement of reflecting telescopes which now bear his name and other fundamental work in math and heat he also dabbled in biblical prophecies predicting the world’s end in ad 2060 practiced alchemy and spent years trying and failing to produce the fabled Philosopher’s Stone alas even Newton’s genius couldn’t create the impossible in 1692 this rare failure along with the unraveling of one of his few close friendships and possibly mercury poisoning from his out chemical experiments resulted in what we’ve now call a prolonged nervous breakdown Newton’s science producing days were over for reasons known only to him though he would remain influential in the field so how did Newton pass his remaining three decades remarkably by modernizing England’s economy and catching criminals after languishing on a professor salary at Cambridge University for decades in 1696 Newton received a cushy royal appointment to be warden of the mint in London it was meant as an easy job with a nice paycheck it has not too much bus’ness to require more attendants than you may spare his friend Charles Montague  wrote after landing him the job but newton focused as ever threw himself into it after a promotion to a master of the mint he oversaw the recoiling of english currency advised on economics established the gold standard and replaced all the country’s metal currency with improved ridged coins still in use today which made it harder to shave off bits of the precious metals he also focused his attention on counterfeiters searching them out as zealously as he sought answers from the heavens Newton established information networks among London’s shadiest spots even going undercover to do so counterfeiting was considered high treason punishable by death and Newton relished witnessing his targets executions Newton was known by his peers as an unpleasant person, he had few close friends and never married astronomer royal John Flamsteed called him insidious ambitious and excessively covetous of praised and impatient of contradiction the man could nurse grudges for years even after his foes had died he famously feuded with German scientist Gottfried Leibniz mainly over who invented calculus first creating a schism in European mathematics that lasted over a century Newton also made it his life’s work to torment English scientist Robert Hooke destroying the legacy of a man once considered London’s Leonardo da Vinci how fitting that the unit of force is named after stubborn persistent amazing Newton himself a force of nature bill Andrews


Charles Darwin

                                                         Charles Darwin delivering the evolutionary gospel Charles Darwin Mark Marchello 16 vs CA o 5 1 715 Charles Darwin credit mark Marchello Charles Darwin would not have been anyone’s first guess for a revolutionary scientist as a young man his main interests were collecting beetles and studying geology in the countryside occasionally skipping out on his classes at the University of Edinburgh Medical School to do so it was a chance invitation in 1831 to join a journey around the world that would make Darwin who had once studied to become a country parson the father of evolutionary biology aboard the HMS Beagle between bouts of seasickness Darwin spent his five-year trip studying and documenting geological formations and myriad habitats throughout much of the southern hemisphere, as well as the flora and fauna they contained Darwin’s observations, pushed him to a disturbing realization the Victorian era theories of animal origins were all wrong most people in Darwin’s times still adhered to creationism the idea that a divine being was responsible for the diversity of life we find on earth Darwin’s observations implied a completely different process he noticed small differences between members of the same species that seemed to depend upon where they live the finches of the Galapagos are the best-known example from island to island finches of the same species possessed differently shaped beaks each adapted to the unique sources of food available on each Island this suggested not only that species could change already a divisive concept back then but also that the changes were driven purely by environmental factors instead of divine intervention today we call this natural selection when. He threw himself into studying the samples from his voyage and writing an account of his travels through his industrious efforts Darwin built a reputation as a capable scientist publishing works on geology as well as studies of coral reefs and barnacles still considered definitive today Darwin also married his first cousin Emma Wedgwood during this time they had 10 children and by all accounts Darwin was an engaged and loving father encouraging his children’s interests in taking time to play with them this was a level of attention uncommon among fathers at that time to say nothing of eminent scientists through it all the theory of evolution was never far from his mind and the various areas of research he pursued only strengthened his convictions Darwin slowly amassed overwhelming evidence in favor of evolution in the 20 years after his voyage all of his observations and musings eventually coalesced into the tour-de-force that was on the Origin of Species published in 1859. Darwin would go on to produce six editions each time adding to and refining his arguments in non-technical language the book laid out a simple argument for how the wide array of Earth’s species came to be it was based on two ideas that species can change gradually over time and that all species faced difficulties brought on by their surroundings from these basic observations it stands to reason that those species best adapted to their environments will survive and those that fall short will die out though Darwin’s theory was logically sound and backed up by reams of  evidence his ideas faced sharp criticisms from adherents of creationism and the religious establishment around the world just as he had feared although it wouldn’t become widely accepted until the 1930s Darwin’s theory of natural selection and his ideas on evolution have survived largely intact I can’t emphasize enough how revolutionary Darwin’s theory was in how much it changed people’s views in so short a time says Jerry Coyne professor emeritus in the department of ecology and evolution at the University of Chicago on the Origin of Species is absolutely thorough and meticulously documented and anticipated virtually all the counter-arguments there’s nothing you can really say to go after the important aspects of Darwin’s theory.


Nikola Tesla

                                                 Nikola Tesla Wizard of the Industrial Revolution Nikola Tesla Mark Marchello 15 DSCA oh five one seven sixteen Nikola Tesla credit Mark Marchello Nikola Tesla grips his hat in his hand he points his cane toward Niagara Falls and beckons bystanders to turn their gaze to the future this bronzed Tesla a statue on the Canadian side stands atop an induction motor the type of engine that drove the first hydroelectric power plant we owe much of our modern electrified
life to the lab experiments of the Serbian American engineer born in 1856 in what’s now Croatia his designs advanced alternating current at the start of the electric age and allowed utilities to send current over vast distances powering American homes across the country he developed the Tesla coil a high voltage transformer and techniques to transmit power wirelessly cell phone makers and others are just now utilizing the potential of this idea Tesla is perhaps best known for the eccentric genius he once proposed a system of towers that he believed could pull energy from the environment and transmit signals and electricity around the world wirelessly but his theories were unsound and the project  was never completed he also claimed he had invented a death ray in recent years Tesla’s mystique has begun to eclipse his inventions San Diego Comic-Con attendees dress in Tesla costumes the world’s most famous electric car bears his name the American Physical Society even has a Tesla comic book whereas in real life he faces off against the dastardly Thomas Edison while his work was truly genius much of his wizardly reputation was of his own making Tesla claimed to have accidentally caused an earthquake in New York City using a small steam-powered electric generator he’d invented Mythbusters debunk that idea and Tesla didn’t actually discover alternating current as everyone  thinks it was around for decades but his ceaseless theories inventions and patents made Tesla a household name rare for scientists a century ago and even today his legacy still turns the lights on


Galileo Galilei

                                                      Galileo Galilei discoverer of the cosmos Galileo Galilei Mark Marchello 24 DSCA oh five one seven 30 Galileo Galilei credit mark Marchello around December 1st, 1609 Italian mathematician Galileo Galilei pointed a telescope at the moon and created modern astronomy his subsequent observations turned up four satellites massive moons orbiting Jupiter and showed that the Milky Way’s murky light shines from many dim stars Galileo also found sunspots upon the surface of our star and discovered the phases of Venus which confirmed that the planets circles the Sun inside Earth’s own orbit I give infinite thanks to God who has been pleased to make me the first observer of marvelous things he wrote the forty-five-year-old Galileo didn’t invent the telescope and he wasn’t the first to point one at the sky but his conclusions changed history Galileo knew he’d found proof for the theories of polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus 1473 to 1543 who had launched the Scientific Revolution with his Sun centered solar system model Galileo’s work wasn’t all staring at the sky either his studies of falling bodies showed that objects dropped at the same time will hit the ground at the same time barring air resistance gravity doesn’t depend on their size and his law of inertia allowed for earth itself to rotate but all this heavenly motion contradicted Roman Catholic doctrine which was based on Aristotle’s incorrect views of the cosmos the church declared the sun-centered model heretical and an inquisition in 1616 ordered Galileo to stop promoting these views the real blow from religious officials came in 1633 after Galileo published a comparison of the Copernican Sun centered and Ptolemaic Earth centered systems that made the latter’s believers look foolish they placed him under house arrest until his death in 1642 the same year Isaac Newton was born the English mathematician would build on Galileo’s law of inertia as he compiled a set of laws so complete that engineers still use them centuries later to navigate spacecraft across the solar system including NASA’s Galileo mission to Jupiter.


Ada Lovelace


                                              Ada Lovelace The Enchantress of numbers Ada Lovelace mark Marchello 26 DSCA oh five one seven thirty-two Ada Lovelace credit mark Marchello to say she was ahead of her time would be an understatement Ada Lovelace earned her place in history as the first computer programmer a full century before today’s computers emerged she couldn’t have done it without British mathematician inventor and engineer Charles Babbage their collaboration started in the early 1830s when Lovelace was just 17 and still known by her maiden name of Byron she was the only legitimate child of poet Lord Byron Babbage had drawn up plans for an elaborate machine he called The Difference Engine essentially a giant mechanical calculator in the middle of his work on it the teenage Lovelace met Babbage at a party there he showed off an incomplete prototype of his machine according to a family friend who was there while other visitors gazed at the working of this beautiful instrument with the sort of expression that some savages are said to have shown on first seeing a looking glass or hearing a gun miss Byron young as she was understood it’s working and  saw the great beauty of the invention it was mathematical obsession at first sight the two struck up a working relationship and eventual close friendship that would last until Lovelace’s death in 1852 when she was only 36 Babbage  abandoned his Difference Engine to brainstorm a new analytical engine in theory capable of more complex number crunching but it was Lovelace who saw that engines true potential the analytical engine was more than a calculator it’s intricate mechanisms and the fact that the user fed it commands via a punch card meant the engine could perform nearly any mathematical task ordered Lovelace even wrote instructions for solving a complex math problem should the machine ever see the light of day many historians would later deem those instructions the first computer program and Lovelace the first programmer while she led a raucous life of gambling and scandal it’s her work in poetical science as she called it that defines her legacy in the words of Babbage himself Lovelace was an enchantress who has thrown her magical spell around the most abstract of Sciences and has grasped it with a force which few masculine intellects could have exerted over it



                                                      Pythagoras Matt’s mystery man Pythagoras mark Marchello 25 DSCA o 5-1 733 Pythagoras credit mark Marchello memories of middle or high school geometry and variably include an instructor drawing right triangles on a  blackboard to explain the Pythagorean theorem the lesson was that the square of the hypotenuse or longest side =sum S of the other sides simply put a 2 plus b 2 equals C 2 a proof followed adding a level of certainty rare in other high school classes like social studies in English Pythagoras a 6th century BC Greek philosopher and mathematician is credited with inventing his namesake theorem and various proofs but forget about the certainty Pythagoras scientific  discoveries in the last 10 years is many Babylonian and Egyptian mathematicians used the equation centuries before Pythagoras says Karin Eva car a retired historian at Portland State University through many scholars leave open the possibility he developed the first proof moreover Pythagoras students often attributed their own mathematical discoveries to their master making it impossible to untangle who invented one even so we know enough to suspect Pythagoras was one of the great mathematicians of antiquity his influence was widespread and lasting theoretical physicist James overdoing sees an unbroken chain from Pythagoras to Albert Einstein whose work on curving space and time over doing calls physics as geometry even today the sea of numerical formulas typically on physicists blackboards suggests the Pythagorean Maxim all his number an implication that everything can be explained organised and in many cases predicted through mathematics the Pythagorean theorem proof doesn’t just work sometimes most of the time or when the stars align it works all the time Pythagoras legacy includes the scientific hallmarks of pattern order replication and certainty


Carl Linnaeus

                                                Carl Linnaeus mark Marchello 29 DSCA oh five one seven thirty-five Carl Linnaeus credit mark Martella it started in Sweden a functional user-friendly innovation that took over the world bringing order to chaos no not an Ikea closet organizer we’re talking about the binomial nomenclature system which has given us clarity and a common language devised by Carl Linnaeus Linnaeus born in southern Sweden in 1707 was an intensely practical man according to Sandra Knapp a botanist in taxonomist at the Natural History Museum in London he lived at a time when formal scientific training was scant and there was no system for referring to living things plants and animals had common names which varied from one location and language to the next and scientific phrase names cumbersome Latin descriptions that could run several paragraphs the 18th century was also a time when European explorers were fanning out across the globe finding ever more plants and animals new to science there got to be more and more things that needed to be described and the names were becoming more and more complex says Knapp Linnaeus a botanist with a talent for noticing details first used what he called trivial names in the margins of his 1753 books species Plantarum he intended the simple Latin two-word construction for each plant as a kind of shorthand an easy way to remember what it was it reflected the adjective-noun structure in languages all over the world Knapp says of the trivial names which today we know as genus and species the names moved quickly from the margins of a single book to the centre of botany and then all of biology Linnea started a revolution but it was an unintentional one today we regard Linnaeus as the father of taxonomy which is used to sort the entire living world into evolutionary hierarchies or family trees but the systematics weed was mostly interested in naming things rather than ordering them an emphasis that arrived the next century with Charles as evolution became better understood and more recently genetic analysis changed how we classify and organize living things many of Linnaeus other ideas have been supplanted but his naming system so simple and adaptable remains it doesn’t matter to the tree in the forest if it has a name Knapp says but by giving it a name we can discuss it Linnaeus gave us a system so we could talk about the natural world gemma Tarling


Rosalind franklin

                                                               Rosalind franklin the hero denied her due to Rosalind franklin mark Marchello 37 DSCA oh five one seven thirty-seven Rosalind franklin credit mark Marchello in 1962 Francis Crick James Watson and Maurice Wilkins shared the Nobel Prize for describing DNA’s double helix structure arguably the greatest discovery of the 20th century but no one mentioned Rosalind Franklin arguably the greatest snub of the 20th century the British born Franklin was a firebrand a perfectionist who worked in isolation she was prickly did not make friends easily but when she did she was outgoing and loyal Jennifer Glyn wrote in my sister Rosalind Franklin Franklin was also a brilliant chemist and a master of x-ray crystallography, an imaging technique that reveals the molecular structure of matter based on the pattern of scattered x-ray beams her early research into the microstructures of carbon and graphite are still cited but her work with DNA was the most significant and it may have won three men a Nobel while at King’s College London in the early 1950s Franklin was close to proving the double helix theory after capturing photograph number 51 considered the finest  image of a DNA molecule at the time but then both Watson and Crick got a peek at Franklin’s work for colleague Wilkins showed Watson photograph number 51 and Max Perutz a member of King’s Medical Research Council handed Crick unpublished data from a report Franklin submitted to the council in 1953 Watson and Crick published their iconic paper in Nature loosely citing Franklin who’s supporting study also appeared in that issue Franklin left King’s in 1953 in a long-planned move to join JD Brunel’s lab at Birkbeck College where she discovered the structure of the tobacco mosaic virus but in 1956 in the prime of her career she developed ovarian cancer perhaps due to her extensive x-ray work Franklin continued working in the lab until her death in 1958 at age 37 as a scientist miss Franklin was distinguished by extreme clarity and perfection in everything she undertook Bernal wrote in her obituary published in nature though it’s her achievements that close colleagues admired.



                          Asimov 1922 to1992 Asimov was my gateway into science fiction than science than everything else he penned some of the genres most iconic works fleshing out the laws of robotics the messiness of a Galactic Empire the pitfalls of predicting the future in simple effortless prose a trained biochemist the Russian born New Yorker wrote prolifically producing over 400 books not all science-related of the ten Dewey Decimal categories he has books in 9va Richard Feynman 1918 to 1988 Feynman played a part in most of the highlights of 20th-century physics in 1941 he joined the Manhattan Project after the war his fame and diagrams for which he shared that 65 Nobel Prize in Physics became the standard way to show how subatomic particles interact as part of the 1986 space shuttle Challenger disaster investigation he explained the problems to the public in easily understandable terms his trademark Feynman was also famously irreverent in his books pack lesson. If You want to know more details about the top 10 scientist in the world at present Then give you a response in a comment.









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